Excerpt:Â Commenting on Mr. Slater Bakhtavar, essay, Mr. James Veverka states, "Nonsense. Carter was a fool regarding several things but the primary cause of the deep problems of the middle east is the effects of colonialism and the partitions after WW1." Mr. Veverka neglects to state that this is merely another way of laying the problems of the Middle East at the doorstep of liberalism.
Before World War I, most of the Middle East was controlled by the Islamic Ottoman Empire, not by Western colonial powers.
He also neglects to state that the partition of the old Ottoman Empire after World War I was largely at the impetus of President Woodrow Wilson, an iconic liberal-Progressive, along with Georges Clemenceau, the leader of socialist France