While the horrors of Germanyâ€™s Nazi past are well known, it is a well-kept secret that similar programs were also prevalent in some Allied countries. The award-winning investigative journalist Edwin Black has documented Americaâ€™s huge selective breeding and forced sterilization program in his book War Against the Weak: Eugenics and Americaâ€™s Campaign to Create a Master Race.1
Eugenics is the attempt to breed a better human race by applying evolutionary principles. Its founder was Darwinâ€™s cousin Francis Galton (1822â€“1911). These ideas were picked up in the USA by Charles Davenport (1866â€“1944), who founded the Eugenics Record Office in 1910, headed by his right-hand man, Harry Laughlin (1880â€“1943).