In Mark Levin's newest book, Ameritopia: The Unmaking of America," he examines the psychology, motivations and history of the utopian movement, its architects and its modern day disciples and asks, what is this utopian force that both allures a free people and destroys them? In the end, he concludes that the utopian force is at work in America, putting our American republic in great peril. Americans, said Levin, must now choose between utopianism or liberty. Note that Levin contrasts utopianism against individual liberty, a uniquely Western concept.
In traditional Western thought, since man is the Triune God's spiritual image-bearer it logically follows that man is a trinity of being: soul, intellect and material body. God endowed soul with three fundamental properties that distinguish it from matter. The first two are intellect and will...the capacity for right knowledge and moral goodness. However, the noblest part of man's soul is his spirit. Spirit is the key to individual liberty in the temporal sphere, meaning that individual liberty is preceded by spiritual liberty contrasted against a genetically programmed animal-like orientation. Animals do not have spirits, which are linked to intelligence, sensitivity, self-consciousness, reflection, and the freedom of knowledge in good and evil.
Man is uniquely free because he can spiritually transcend the material realm to access the supernatural dimension as Paul affirms:
â€œNow the Lord is Spirit, and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is freedomâ€ (2 Cor. 3:17)
Catholic philosopher, historian, and political theorist Dr. Thomas Molnar (1921-2010) conducts a penetrating examination of utopianism in his work, "Utopia: The Perennial Heresy." After examining the thought of major utopians, including the Gnostics, the Manicheans, Saint-Simon, Karl Marx and Teilhard de Chardin, he concludes that utopianism is a persistant historical phenomenon seriously at odds with orthodox Christian realism, the main support of Western civilization.
Molnar adds that the utopian--whether religious or atheistic---aims at the deification of man.
But deification has a very high price said Dostoevsky's Grand Inquisitor (the devil speaking through his earthly mouthpieces such as Karl Marx) who goes on to describe in detail the profoundest meaning underlying the "utopian force at work in America".
Men really do not want to be free, explained the Inquisitor, and adds that it is God's fault that things are in such a bad way. During His time spent here on earth as the Christ, His cardinal error was in exalting spiritual freedom and the spiritual bread of heaven above everything else. The Christ sought man's love through faith freely chosen, and the effect of this has been to create man the rebel, said the Inquisitor. Why? Because God's greatest gift to man is spiritual freedom, but freedom of choice in the knowledge of good and evil is a torment to man, his greatest anguish.
The devil, the spirit of nihilism, that "wise and dread spirit, the spirit of destruction and non-existance" had warned Jesus Christ of the true nature of man during His temptation in the wilderness. The secret was made known but ignored by Jesus Christ because He would not deprive men of freedom. The secret is this: the promised bread of heaven can never compare with "earthly bread in the eyes of the weak, ever sinful and ignoble race of man." Mankind wants to worship its belly in a utopian community of worship, said the devil.
Utopianism requires certain characteristics in confomity with man's true nature. It must be established so that there is no disputing about it. This requirement can only be met through the virtues of moral relativism, tolerance, inclusion, hedonism, and androgyny---denial of male and female distinctions. Earthly bread of every sort fills these requirements better than heavenly bread.
As previously noted, man's greatest torment is to be rid of his freedom in the choice of good and evil, heaven and hell. Man is fully capable of deceiving himself into surrendering his freedom, observed the devil, but only to those who are skillful enough to appease his conscience by transferring his personal guilt onto someone or something else. Man wants to hear the words, "It's not your fault!" "You could not help yourself!" "You could not be expected to know better!"
Freedom is God-given, therefore those who take it from man must give him something in return which will permit him to continue to believe that life is worth living. Idols such as reincarnation, scientism, rationalism, philosophical materialism, socialism, communism, extraterretrials, green environmentalism, and Darwin fill this need quite nicely.
In conclusion, the devil tells the Christ that men are essentially slaves incapable of free love. Their God-given freedom is an anguish that manifests itself as self-destructive rebellion. Despite this, they crave a universal state so ordered as to promote free indulgence of their sin nature without any feelings of guilt and without the risk of spiritual suicide.
The sum of human nature explained the devil, is the desire to have "someone to worship, someone to keep his conscience, and some means of uniting all in one unanimous and harmonious ant-heap, for the craving of universal unity is the third and last anguish of men." (Political Apocalypse: A Study of Dostoevsky's Grand Inquisitor, Ellis Sandoz, 117-1i9)
Here ends the Inquisitor's detailed exposition on utopianism and the anguishes that compel men to seek its' hellish comfort.