The Most Powerful Fortresses of Modern Mind: Darwinian and Materialist Metaphysics

"The weapons of our warfare are not of the flesh, but divinely powerful for the destruction of fortresses. We are destroying speculations and every lofty thing raised up against the knowledge of God, and we are taking every thought captive to the obedience of Christ." (1 Cor. 10:4-5) In other words, destructive ideas, philosophies, speculations, opinions, and other constructs of mind (spirit) rule our world in opposition to the knowledge of the living God. The battle we are engaged in therefore is not of flesh but of spirit---the mind and its fortresses. It is these fortresses we must take captive and throw down through the important work of Christian apologetics:

"Apologetics is the vindication of the Christian philosophy of life against the various forms of the non-Christian faith." (Pushing the Antithesis: The Apologetic Methodology of Greg L. Bahnsen, p. 2)

Bahnsen delineates two important truths which impact our apologetic method when dealing with the alleged neutrality of unbelievers. The first truth is factual, the other is moral:

(1) Factually, we must recognize from the outset that the unbeliever is in no way neutral. To overlook this fact is to begin from a starting point that actually acknowledges and validates his unbelief while neutralizing the biblical worldview.

(2) Morally, we must understand that the unbeliever ought not be neutral. If we do not realize this we will engage the defense of the faith in a non-fruitful way by tacitly accepting his unbelief as morally valid. (p. 25)

The Bible makes clear that unbelievers are in no way neutral towards the question of the living God but are in fact hostle toward Him (Eph. 4:17-18). Paul does not speak of the hearts of pagan Gentiles as neutral but to the contrary declares the absolute "futility" of the unbelievers mind as it is not just dim but spiritually darkened. The darkened mind is not confused but willfully ignorant, his will being "hardened" against the living God. In light of man's fall into sin (Gen. 3:1-7) and God's curse in Gen. 3:15, Paul's observations are what we should expect rather than be surprised by.

Simply stated, the mind (spirit) is not neutral, as Jesus makes clear:

"No one can serve two masters; for he will either hate the one and love the other, or he will hold to one and despise the other," (Matt. 6:24) and "He who is not with Me is against Me." (Matt. 12:30)

Paul presents the same problem in Romans 1 with his forceful description of the fallen mind as hostile to the living God and actively working to suppress the truth.

Throughout the West and America, the most powerful fortress of mind that suppresses truth and rules our respective societies can be summarized in one word---Darwinism, the utterly futile, entirely bankrupt national religion of the once-Christian West and America.

Evolutionary thinking bristles with hostility toward the living God and is the foundational and all-controlling fortress which dominates all of modern Western and American thought and culture. It is taken for granted throughout the college curriuclum. It influences biological and earth sciences, psychology, anthropology, sociology, economics, law, the media, arts, medicine, and all other academic disciplines. And for over one-hundred years it has been moving into and subsequently polluting the Church over and across the entire denominational spectrum.

At the top-most layer of this most powerful fortress are atheism, universal evolutionism and the ancient Epicurean notion that matter is the ultimate reality. On the basis of this “scientific” fortress evolutionary naturalists claim that not only is the living God Who exists outside of this world imaginary, but so too are soul, spirit (mind), heaven, hell, Original Sin, higher unchanging truths, first principles, metaphysics, absolute moral laws, purpose and meaning.

Darwinism, or universal evolutionism, is a fortress of negation and inversion. Thus when applied to the Bible it completely inverts the Genesis account thereby rendering meaningless the entirety of Scripture. In utter contempt of God's creation, it teaches that man is neither created in the spiritual image of God nor the apex of creation but is rather the trousered ape of evolution.

Evolutionary thinking said Frank Baumer, has inverted reality. It has,

"....persuaded people to think of everything in nature as the fruit of a gradual growth rather than an original creation." The sweeping acceptance of evolutionary thinking means that it is "now difficult if not impossible for an educated man to conceive of a primitive revelation such as traditional Christianity taught, or even of an original natural religion from which men had declined." This difficulty arises because "in an evolving world, perfection obviously lay, not in the past, but in the future." (Religion and Rise of Skepticism, p. 147)

By its very nature it promotes subjectivism (moral relativism) through negation of higher eternally permanent truths, moral laws, stability and certainty demanded in the Biblical outlook. Instead, it sets all things in motion by necessitating a relentless, random process over time leading to fundamental and destructive changes to Western and American culture, morality, law, national sovereignty, the family, tradition, and even to the definition of man. No longer are there two sexes, male and female but now there are multiple and ever-evolving 'gender expressions.'

Oliver Wendell Holmes, former Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1899-1902) expressed well the modern evolutionary commitment to relentless change when he stated:

"Nothing is certain but change." (Bahnsen, p. 9)

Darwinism and/or evolutionary thinking suppresses truth by brazenly disguising its' true nature as empirical science. It is no such thing as Karl Popper (1902-1994), a highly respected British philosopher and professor at the London School of Economics made clear. Though Popper rejected the knowledge of God in favor of universal evolution he nevertheless frankly admitted that rather than being an empirically verifiable fact as deceivers such as Richard Dawkins claim, Darwinism is a metaphysical research program. D. M. S. Watson, the Jodrell Professor of Zoology and Comparative Anatomy at University College, London (1921 to 1951) tacitly concurs. He publicly confessed that evolution,

“. . . is accepted by zoologists not because it has been observed to occur or . . . can be proved by logically coherent evidence to be true, but because the only alternative, special creation, is clearly incredible.” ((December 10, 2011 by Vishal Mangalwadi,

Metaphysics is a branch of philosophy that literally means beyond the empirically knowable physical, that is, beyond the physical world of sense perception. It is the study of the ultimate origins of life, consciousness, earth, and the universe, so by extension it studies first principles, ontology, cosmology, and epistemology.

Darwinism and the Epicurean proposition that all that exists is matter in motion are the first principles of the naturalistic worldview, that is, the metaphysical program offered by atheists such as Richard Dawkins in particular and all evolutionary naturalists in general.

Darwinian and materialist metaphysics replace the living God and the Bible---the Genesis account of creation ex nihilo in particular--- as the great explainer of the origin and subsequent existence of life in all of its forms, thus evolutionary naturalists are not merely dependent upon their metaphysics program for their worldview but their worldview amounts to scientism – the belief that modern naturalistic evolutionary science is the great unifying answer to the ultimate questions of human life.

In his review of "Nonzero: The Logic of Human Destiny," by Robert Wright, Schwartz Senior Fellow at the New America Foundation, John Judis makes clear that Darwinism is in fact a metaphysical evolutionary cosmology explaining,

" we came to be, and where we are headed... We---the sorry mass of humanity---have made history, but we have often proceeded blindly and without the least understanding of the great project in which we are engaged. Wright should be content that he has described, better than anyone in recent days, the nature and scope of that endeavor." (John Judis, The Washington Monthly, April, 2000)

“So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them.” Genesis 1:27, KJB

For fifteen hundred years, Christendom and then later Protestant America had followed St. Augustine (AD 354-430) in affirming that as all men are the spiritual image-bearers of the transcendent personal Triune God then it logically follows that each person is a trinity of being — of soul, spirit (mind--reason, logic, conscience, will) and body. In turn, the unique concept of man as God’s spiritual image-bearer gave birth to the “belief in the unique dignity of human beings,” and this is,

“…the force that created Western civilization, where citizens do not exist for the state but the state exists for the individuals. Even kings, presidents, prime ministers, and army generals cannot be allowed to trample upon an individual and his or her rights.” (Truth and Transformation: A Manifesto for Ailing Nations, pp. 12-13)

It is on this entirely unique concept of man that our unalienable rights of personal property are grounded. In Madison's essay on "Property," published in The National Gazette on March 29, 1792, he clearly explains that spiritual property precedes temporal:

"He has a his religious opinions, and in the profession and practice dictated by them."

"He has a his opinions and the free communication of them."

"He has an equal property in the free use of his faculties and free choice of the objects on which to employ them."

"He has property very dear to him in the safety and liberty of his person."

Property is "a man's land, or merchandize, or money..."

" a man is said to have a right to his property, he may be equally said to have a property in his rights."

"Government is instituted to protect property of every sort....This being the end of government, that alone is a just government, which impartially secures to every man, whatever is his own."

"Where an excess of power prevails, property of no sort is duly respected. No man is safe in his opinions, his person, his faculties or his possessions." (source: Lex Rex; )

Unalienable spiritual property precedes temporal property, hence the Declaration is a great spiritual document:

“Equality, liberty, popular sovereignty, the rights of man—these are not elements we can see and touch. They are ideals (whose) source and roots (are) in religious convictions. They belong to the unseen world.” (Pres. Calvin Coolidge quote in Backfired: A Nation Born for Religious Tolerance no Longer Tolerates Religion, William J. Federer, pp. 265-271)

Evolutionary metaphysics have suppressed the knowledge of God as well as the truth about its own metaphysical nature. It has inverted reality and utterly destroyed the vision of man as imago Dei by picturing him as an evolved ape driven and primarily determined by laws of evolution and matter, thereby negating man's soul, spirit, and by extension, his unalienable spiritual property.

In November 1944, Oxford’s Socratic Club invited C. S. Lewis to speak to them on the topic, “Is Theology Poetry?” Oxford’s secularists assumed that God’s Revelation was but myth and story. But Lewis, who was a superb Christian apologeticist and an expert on ancient myths and stories, shocked them when he explained that while Christianity deals with truth and reality, Oxford’s secular cosmology, which assumed that matter and universal evolution alone was real, was a myth.

Lewis threw down and destroyed the most powerful fortress of modern mind---Darwinian and materialist metaphysics-- when he revealed that it cannot even account for the origin of life, consciousness and matter anymore than it can explain why random chemical processes in the brains of evolved trousered apes should be trusted to lead us to truth. Secular atheism's metaphysical program explains nothing...not even science.

Lewis derisively dismissed secularism’s metaphysics--its' scientific cosmology and universal evolutionism--- as myths.

On the other hand, Biblical theology said Lewis, has explained arts and science, myth, morality and what is wrong with man for centuries. It had guided Europe in matters of meaning, value, and the purpose of life.

God's Revelation to man is like the sun, said Lewis. And though I may find difficulties,

“I (nevertheless) believe in Christianity as I believe that the Sun has risen not only because I see it but because by it I see everything else.”

@Linda Kimball